News Worms
News Worms

World Health Organisation warns of a form of Gonorrhea that is untreatable

World Health Organisation warns of a form of Gonorrhea that is untreatable

"Gonorrhoea is a very smart bug, every time you introduce a new class of antibiotics to treat gonorrhoea, the bug becomes resistant".

Seventy-eight million people are infected with gonorrhea each year, according to World Health Organization estimates, with the infection disproportionately affecting women and leading to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility, and an increased risk of HIV.

In a recent announcement, the health agency said 77 countries across the globe have had cases of the antibiotic-resistant STI, which means the bacteria responsible for the infection continues to reproduce. Cases where infections are untreatable by all available antibiotics are most commonly found by countries with high-income and better surveillance.

"In the USA, resistance [to an antibiotic] came from men having sex with men because of pharyngeal infection". Some signs that a women may be infected include a burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, and vaginal bleeding between periods, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Prof Richard Stabler, from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, said: "Ever since the introduction of penicillin, hailed as a reliable and quick cure, gonorrhoea has developed resistance to all therapeutic antibiotics". If a pregnant woman's infection goes untreated then the newborn could be infected, leading to blindness.

As it stands, the three drugs in the pipeline are Cempra's solithromycin, for which a phase III trial has recently been completed but generated lacklustre results, failing to hit the non-inferiority mark versus older drugs.

But, worryingly, the vast majority of cases are in poorer countries where resistance is harder to detect.

In particular, oral sex without use of condoms is leading to rise in cases of gonorrhea, says WHO. 97 percent of the countries it monitors for trends in drug-resistant gonorrhea reported widespread resistance to the antibiotic ciprofloxacin; 81 percent reported resistance to the drug azithromycin; and 66 percent reported the emergence of resistance to last-resort treatment.

As part of their initiative to improve research and development for new treatments for gonorrhoea, GARDP convened a panel of global experts from various institutions in different regions, including India, South Africa and China.

The other necessary component, a growing problem with many infections besides gonorrhea, is the urgent need for new drugs to treat it. It is highly likely that the "superbug" strain of the STI is already much more common - and being transmitted - in other parts of the world where the disease less likely to be diagnosed.

Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea and is transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex.

In 2016, the organization began advising doctors to treat infections using both ceftriaxone and azithromycin after more than 50 nations said extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs), a common last-resort treatment, were no longer effective.

In men, gonorrhea can cause a painful condition in the tubes attached to the testicles.


editors' picks

July 08, 2017
Middle Earth: Shadow of War Nemesis Transfer "Nemesis Forge" Unveiled
To find the game, all you need to do is to head to the Xbox Store and search for Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor . For everyone that played the game, the Nemesis feature from Shadow of Mordor had the biggest lasting impact.

July 08, 2017
Talks to reunify Cyprus collapse — United Nations chief
The north is dominated by the Turkish Cypriots and is only recognized by Turkey as a nation. Greek Cypriots perceive the Turkish soldiers as a threat and want them all gone.

July 08, 2017
Instagram allows users to reply to Stories
If there is no Update button to be seen, the most recent version is already on the device you're working with. The war for your content between Instagram and Snapchat stories just got a little more heated.

July 08, 2017
Explosives scare caused evacuation at Hanscom AFB
The truck has since been cleared, but some items that were removed will be taken to a special facility for testing. The Massachusetts State Police bomb squad is investigating, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation is aiding.

July 07, 2017
U.S. lifts carry-on laptop ban on Qatar flights
After Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Istanbul , the United States has now lifted the electronic gadgets ban on flights from Doha . The ban still applies to US -bound flights from airports in Morocco, Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.

July 07, 2017
Kesha Returns with Emotionally Charged Video for New Single 'Praying'
Kesha shared her thoughts on the new single and the last few years in a post on actress Lena Dunham's website, Lenny Letter. The album will be the pop star's first since the start of her headline-making legal battle with super producer Dr.

July 07, 2017
18 states sue DeVos, Department of Education
Nineteen Democratic attorneys general are suing Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos over rescinded student loan regulations. Her argument was that the Obama administration's revisions put too much of the burden on taxpayers.

July 07, 2017
Illinois State Capitol locked down over powdered substance in governor's office
The governor also compared the income tax increase to a "two-by-four smacked across the forehead". IL failed to pass a state budget that included workers compensation reforms over the weekend.

July 07, 2017
Microsoft Is Cutting 3000 Jobs
Rumors of these Microsoft jobs being at risk had been around for quite a while and Microsoft has finally confirmed them today. It's unclear how these changes will impact the Microsoft channel ecosystem in the future, however.

July 07, 2017
Four Halo games are coming to Xbox One Backward Compatibility
Even better, 343 Industries has confirmed "every Xbox 360 Halo add-on map pack in the Xbox Store will be made available for free". In addition, all Halo games that released on Xbox 360 will become backward compatible later this year for Xbox One.